POLYMYOSITIS

 

Description

Polymyositis is an uncommon inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness affecting both sides of your body

Symptoms

  • Muscle weakness in the shoulders and hips
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Muscle pain
  • Problems with the voice (caused by weak throat muscles)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Joint pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Morning stiffness
  • Weight loss

Cause

  • autoimmune disorders

Diagnostic Tests

  • blood tests
  • CPK
  • Electromyography
  • MRI of affected muscles
  • Muscle biopsy
  • Myoglobin in the urine
  • Serum aldolase

Treatment

  • Medications
  • Corticosteroids
  • Corticosteroid-sparing agents
  • Rituximab (Rituxan)
  • Surgical and other procedures

Lifestyle management

  • Therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Dietetic assessment
  • Rest when you’re tired
  • Know and assert your limits