Inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys.
- autosomal dominant PKD
- autosomal recessive PKD
- acquired cystic kidney disease
- pain or tenderness in the abdomen
- blood in the urine
- frequent urination
- pain in the sides
- urinary tract infection (UTI)
- kidney stones
- pain or heaviness in the back
- skin that bruises easily
- pale skin color
- joint pain
- nail abnormalities
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)
- one parent needs to have the disease in order for it to pass along to the children
- Both parents must have abnormal genes to pass on the disease
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD)
spontaneous gene mutatio
- abdominal ultrasound: a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys for cysts
- abdominal CT scan: can detect smaller cysts in the kidneys
- abdominal MRI scan: uses strong magnets to image your body to visualize kidney structure and look for cysts
- intravenous pyelogram: uses a dye to make your blood vessels show up more clearly on an X-ray
- glomerular filtration test-blood test
- medicine for high BP,kidney stones
- Pain killers
- anticonvulsants /antidepressants
- diuretics to help remove excess fluid from the body
- surgery to drain cysts and help relieve discomfort
- angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Take the blood pressure medications prescribed by your doctor as directed.
- Eat a low-salt diet containing plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Ask your doctor what the right weight is for you.
- Quit smoking, if you’re a smoker.
- Exercise regularly. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most days of the week.