POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE

Description

Inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys.

types

  1. autosomal dominant PKD
  2. autosomal recessive PKD
  3. acquired cystic kidney disease

Symptoms

  1. pain or tenderness in the abdomen
  2. blood in the urine
  3. frequent urination
  4. pain in the sides
  5. urinary tract infection (UTI)
  6. kidney stones
  7. pain or heaviness in the back
  8. skin that bruises easily
  9. pale skin color
  10. fatigue
  11. joint pain
  12. nail abnormalities

Causes

    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)

  1. one parent needs to have the disease in order for it to pass along to the children
  2. Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD)

  3. Both parents must have abnormal genes to pass on the disease
  4. spontaneous gene mutatio

Diagnostic Tests

  • abdominal ultrasound: a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys for cysts
  • abdominal CT scan: can detect smaller cysts in the kidneys
  • abdominal MRI scan: uses strong magnets to image your body to visualize kidney structure and look for cysts
  • intravenous pyelogram: uses a dye to make your blood vessels show up more clearly on an X-ray
  • glomerular filtration test-blood test

Treatments

  • medicine for high BP,kidney stones
  • Pain killers
  • anticonvulsants /antidepressants
  • antibiotics
  • diuretics to help remove excess fluid from the body
  • surgery to drain cysts and help relieve discomfort

Medications

  • angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Ibuprofen
  • angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Tolvaptan
  • paracetamol

  • Take the blood pressure medications prescribed by your doctor as directed.
  • Eat a low-salt diet containing plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Ask your doctor what the right weight is for you.
  • Quit smoking, if you’re a smoker.
  • Exercise regularly. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most days of the week.