PNEUMOCOCCAL MENINGITIS

Description

Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of the meninges

Symptoms

  • chest pain
  • chills
  • confusion
  • a cough
  • a headache
  • a high fever
  • vomiting
  • weakness
  • Other possible symptoms of meningitis include:
  • agitation
  • irritability
  • rapid breathing
  • stiff neck

Cause

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae

Risk factors

  • Alcohol use
  • Diabetes
  • History of meningitis
  • Infection of a heart valve
  • Injury or trauma to the head
  • Meningitis in which there is leakage of spinal fluid
  • Recent ear infection
  • Recent pneumonia
  • Recent upper respiratory infection
  • Spleen removal or a spleen that does not function

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood culture
  • Chest x-ray
  • CT scan of the head
  • Gram stain, other special stains, and culture of CSF

Treatment

  • antibiotics (Ceftriaxone)
  • Other possible antiobiotics:
  • vancomycin
  • ampicillin
  • benzylpenicillin
  • cefotaxime
  • chloramphenicol
  • penicillin

Lifestyle management

  • vaccines