PITUTARY CANCER

 

Description

A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland

Symptoms

  • flushing of the face
  • weak muscles and bones
  • high blood pressure
  • irregular heartbeat
  • headache
  • vision loss
  • large hands and feet (acromegaly)
  • breast milk even if not pregnant
  • lack of milk when breastfeeding
  • menstrual cycle changes
  • lower sex drive
  • impotency
  • loss of body hair
  • delayed sexual development and growth in children
  • weight gain
  • bruising easily
  • irritability, anxiety, depression
  • nausea, vomiting
  • dizziness
  • confusion
  • seizures
  • runny nose due to cerebrospinal fluid leaking into the nose

Cause

  • Genetic (small percentage)

Risk factors

  • multiple endocrine neoplasia, type I

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood and urine tests
  • Brain imaging
  • Vision testing

Treatment

  • Surgery
  • Endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach
  • Transcranial approach
  • Radiation therapy
  • Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery
  • External beam radiation
  • Proton beam therapy
  • Medications
  • Prolactin-secreting tumors
  • Growth hormone-secreting tumors
  • Replacement of pituitary hormones
  • Watchful waiting

Lifestyle management

  • Join support groups