PINK EYE (CONJUNCTIVITIS)

Description

  • Also called as Pink Eye
  • Inflammation of the thin layer of tissue that covers the front of the eye
  • Small blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed
  • Whites of the eyes appear reddish or pink

Types

  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis
  • Viral Conjunctivitis
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis
  • Infectious Conjunctivitis

Symptoms

  • Eye redness as a result of the inflammation
  • Discharge that forms a crust during the night
  • Increased tear production
  • Itching, irritation, and/or burning
  • An enlarged lymph node (gland) in front of the ear
  • Feeling like a foreign body is in the eye(s) or an urge to rub the eye(s)

Causes

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Allergies
  • A chemical splash in the eye
  • A foreign object in the eye
  • Indoor and outdoor air pollution
  • Contact lens wear (especially wearing lenses overnight

Risk Factors

  • Exposure to something for which you have an allergy
  • Exposure to someone infected with conjunctivitis
  • Use of contact lenses
  • Recently had an upper respiratory tract infection
  • Diabetes
  • Taking corticosteroids (steroids)
  • Being in a crowded place

Diagnostic test

  • Health history and symptoms
  • Swab test
  • Testing the sample of eye discharge

Treatments

  • Antibiotic eyedrops or ointment
  • Chloramphenicol and fusidic acid
  • Cold compresses and artificial tears
  • Combination of antihistamines and mast cell stabilizers
  • Decongestants, steroids
  • Anti-inflammatory eyedrops
  • Discontinue the use of contact lenses

Prevention

  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes
  • Use only clean towels and washcloths
  • Throw away expired eye cosmetics, such as mascara.
  • Don’t share eye cosmetics or personal eye care items
  • Avoid using contact lenses

Lifestyle Management

  • Don’t share towels or washcloths
  • Clean eyeglasses regularly
  • Apply a compress to your eyes
  • Wash your clothes frequently
  • Bathe or shower before bedtime
  • Wash your hands often with soap and warm water
  • Change the contact lenses solution regularly