PHARINGITIS

Description

 Inflammation of the pharynx, which is in the back of the throat most often referred to simply as “sore throat.”

Symptoms

  1. Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat
  2. Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
  3. Difficulty swallowing
  4. Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw
  5. Swollen, red tonsils
  6. White patches or pus on your tonsils
  7. Hoarse or muffled voice
  8. fever,cough,runny nose,sneezing
  9. headache chills
  10. Nausea or vomiting

Causes

  1. Common cold
  2. Flu (influenza)
  3. Mononucleosis (mono)
  4. Measles
  5. Chickenpox
  6. Croup — a common childhood illness characterized by a harsh, barking cough
  7. allergies,dryness,irritants
  8. GERD,HIV

Diagnostic Tests

  • Using a lighted instrument to look at the throat, and likely the ears and nasal passages
  • Gently feeling (palpating) the neck to check for swollen glands (lymph nodes)
  • Listening to your or your child’s breathing with a stethoscope
  • throat swab,culture
  • blood test

Treatments

  •  paracetamol
  • suck lozenges, hard sweets, ice cubes or ice lollies – but don’t give young children anything small and hard to suck because of the risk of choking
  • drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
  • eating warm broth
  • gargling with warm salt water (1 tsp. salt per 8 oz. water)
  • using a humidifier
  • resting until you feel better

Medications

  • acetaminophen (Tylenol, Infant’s Feverall, others)
  • ibuprofen (Pediatric Advil, Motrin Infant, others)
  • Slippery elm
  • Licorice root
  • Marshmallow root
  • Honeysuckle flower and other Chinese medicine herbs

Lifestyle Management

  • avoid sharing food, drinks, and eating utensils
  • avoid individuals who are sick
  • wash your hands often, especially before eating and after coughing or sneezing
  • use alcohol-based hand sanitizers when soap and water aren’t available
  • avoid smoking and inhaling secondhand smoke
  • rest,gargling with warm water
  • lozengens,comforting foods and beverage.