PARVOVIRUS INFECTION

Description

  • Common and highly contagious childhood ailment
  • Caused by a virus that leads to a rash on the cheeks, arms, and legs
  • Also called as Fifth Disease

Symptoms

  • Distinctive facial rash
  • Fever
  • Upset stomach
  • Headache
  • Runny nose
  • Joint pain and swelling (in adult women)

Causes

  • Caused by human parvovirus B19
  • Often affects preschoolers or school-age children during the spring
  • Spreads through the fluids in the nose and mouth

Risk Factors

  • More prevalent in winter and spring
  • Children who are in elementary schools

Diagnostic Tests

  • Examination of the rash
  • Tests for specific antibodies
  • Blood test to look for signs of the virus

Treatment

  • Self-care treatment at home
  • For most healthy people, no treatment is necessary
  • The virus will clear up on its own in a couple of weeks

Medications

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Prevention

  • Minimize contact with people who are sneezing, coughing
  • Wash hands frequently
  • Do not share food or drinks

Lifestyle Management

  • Get plenty of rest
  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Acetaminophen helps to relieve fever and minor aches
  • Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers
  • It’s impractical and unnecessary to isolate the sick child