PANNICULITIS

Description

Inflammation of the fatty layer underneath the skin

Symptoms

  • Thickened and firm nodules and plaques
  • Erythematous or pigmented overlying skin
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Joint pain

Causes

  • Infections
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Physical factors ( cold, trauma)
  • Proliferative disorders
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Pancreatic disorders
  • Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency

Diagnostic Tests

  • Clinical evaluation
  • Excisional biopsy

Treatment

  • Anti-inflammatory painkillers (ibuprofen)
  • Potassium iodide treatment
  • Steroid cream, tablets or injections
  • Rest and elevate the affected area
  • Surgical removal of persistent or ulcerated lesions

Lifestyle Management

  • Simple lifestyle changes
  • Over the counter painkillers
  • Support bandages
  • Getting enough rest