PANCREATIC CANCER

Description

  • the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells in the pancreas
  • Pancreatic cancer often has a poor prognosis, even when diagnosed early.

Symptoms

  1. pain in the back or stomach area
  2. jaundice
  3. nausea and vomiting
  4. bowel changes
  5. fever and shivering
  6. indigestion
  7. blood clots
  8. Weight loss

Causes

  1. age
  2. smoking
  3. genetics & family history
  4. mutations

Risk Factors

  • African-American race
  • Excess body weight
  • Chronic inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of genetic syndromes that can increase cancer risk, including a BRCA2 gene mutation, Lynch syndrome and familial
  • typical mole-malignant melanoma (FAMMM)
  • Personal or family history of pancreatic cancer
  • Smoking
  • work with pesticides and chemicals

Diagnostic Tests

  • CT,MRI scans
  • ultrasounds
  • endoluminal ultrasonography (EUS) endoscopy
  • an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • laparoscopy
  • biopsy
  • blood tests to detect if tumor marker CA 19-9 is present

Treatments

  • Surgery for tumors in the pancreatic head
  • Surgery for tumors in the pancreatic tail and body
  • radiation & chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy

Lifestyle Management

  • Assemble a support system.
  • Connect with other cancer survivors
  • Learn what you need to know about your cancer
  • Consider hospice