• fluid-filled sac that develops on a woman’s ovary.
  • Most ovarian cysts occur as part of the normal workings of the ovaries
  • generally harmless and disappear without treatment


  1. pelvic pain
  2. pain during sex
  3. difficulty emptying your bowels
  4. a frequent need to urinate
  5. bloating and a swollen tummy
  6. feeling very full after only eating a little
  7. difficulty getting pregnant (although fertility is unaffected in most women with ovarian cysts – see below)
  8. heavy or irregular periods
  9. nausea,vomiting
  10. bloating and a swollen tummy
  11. feeling very full after only eating a little


  1. Follicular cyst
  2. Corpus luteum cyst. 
  3. Dermoid cysts
  4. Cystadenomas.
  5. Endometriomas
  6. polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

Diagnostic Tests

  • CT, MRI, Ultrasound scans
  • pregnancy test
  • hormone level test
  • CA-125 blood test
  • Laparoscopy.


  • Laparotomy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Birth Control Pills
  • Watchful waiting
  • painkillers, hormone medication


  • routine gynecologic examinations
  • correct diagnosis
  • alert to changes in your monthly cycle