OSTEOPOROSIS

Description

Causes bones to become weak and brittle Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine.

Symptoms

  1. Back or Neck Pain
  2. Loss of Height
  3. Stooped Posture
  4. Fracture
  5. Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra

Causes

  1. people reach their peak bone mass by their early 20s
  2. Bone is living tissue with holes inside.
  3. Vitamin D helps you absorb calcium through your intestines.
  4. Abusing alcohol, smoking, and having an eating disorder are risk factors for osteoporosis.
  5. hormonal imbalance

Risk Factors

  • a family history of osteoporosis
  • reduced amounts of sex hormones (oestrogen and testosterone)
  • disorders of the pituitary gland
  • hyperparathyroidism (overactivity of the parathyroid glands)
  • heavy drinking and smoking
  • disorders of the adrenal glands
  • hyperthyroidism
  • BMI of 19 or less

Diagnostic Tests

  • Performing a Physical Exam
  • Bone Density Test
  • Blood and Urine Testing

Treatments

  • Bisphosphonates
  • Antibodies
  • Hormone therapy
  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs)
  • Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
  • Thyrocalcitonin

Medications

  • Alendronate (Fosamax)
  • Risedronate (Actonel, Atelvia)
  • Ibandronate (Boniva)
  • Zoledronic acid (Reclast)
  • Denosumab (Xgeva, Prolia)
  • Zoledronic acid (Reclast)
  • Fosamax
  • Boniva
  • Actonel

Lifestyle Management

  • dairy products
  • dark green vegetables
  • enriched grains and breads
  • soy products
  • preventing falls
  • avoid smoking and alcohol
  • exercise