OSTEOMYELITIS

Description

  • An infection in a bone
  • Mainly caused by bacteria or other germs
  • Most commonly affects the long bones in the legs

Symptoms

  • Bone pain
  • Excessive sweating
  • Fever and chills
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
  • Local swelling, redness, and warmth
  • Open wound that may show pus
  • Pain at the site of infection

Causes

  • Caused by staphylococcus bacteria
  • Germs can enter the bone through:
  • The bloodstream
  • Infected tissue or an infected prosthetic joint
  • Open wounds

Risk Factors

  • Diabetes
  • Hemodialysis
  • Poor blood supply
  • Recent injury
  • Use of injected illegal drugs
  • Surgery involving bones
  • Weakened immune system

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood cultures
  • Bone biopsy
  • Bone scan
  • Bone x-ray
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • C-reactive protein (CRP)
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the bone
  • Needle aspiration of the area of the affected bone

Treatment

  • Medications
  • Surgical Procedures:
  • Drain the infected area
  • Remove diseased bone and tissue
  • Restore blood flow to the bone
  • Remove any foreign objects
  • Amputate the limb

Medications

  • Intravenous antibiotics
  • Antifungal medications

Prevention

  • Avoid infection by cleaning wound thoroughly
  • Improve the health incase of a weak immune system
  • Stop smoking
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Lose weight (if overweight)
  • Stop the consumption of alcohol
  • Exercise regularly
  • Use protective gear while playing to avoid injuries