OSTEOMALACIA

Description

  • Condition that affects bone development in children
    also called rickets
  • Problems with bone formation or with the bone building process 
     vitamin D deficiency.
  • Symptoms

    1. poor growth and development 
    2. pain
    3. skeletal deformities
    4. fragile bones
    5. dental problems
    6.  muscle weakness.
    7. irregular heart rhythms
    8. numbness around your mouth
    9. numbness in your arms and legs
    10. spasms in your hands and feet

    Causes

    1. Lack of vitamin D and calcium
    2. Celiac disease can damage the lining of your intestines and prevent the absorption of key nutrients like vitamin D.
    3. Certain types of cancer can interfere with vitamin D processing.
    4. Kidney and liver disorders can affect the metabolism of vitamin D.
    5. A diet that doesn’t include phosphates can cause phosphate depletion, which can also lead to osteomalacia.
    6. Phenytoin and phenobarbital are drugs used to treat seizures. They can also cause osteomalacia.

    Risk Factors

    • inadequate dietary intake of vitamin D
    • little exposure to sunlight
    • pregnant and breastfeeding women
    • Babies born prematurely are also at risk of developing rickets
    • genetic defect

    Diagnostic Tests

    • Blood and urine tests
    • X rays
    • bone biopsy

    Treatments

    • vitamin D supplements
    • spend some time outdoors in sunlight
    • eating more foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D

    Medications

    Prevention

    • a healthy, balanced diet
    • spends some time outside in the sun
    • takes a vitamin D supplement
    • foods oily fish (salmon, mackerel, sardines) and egg yolks