ORAL THRUSH

Description

Condition where fungus Candida albicans accumulates on mouth lining

Symptoms

  1. white patches (plaques) in the mouth that can often be wiped off, leaving behind red areas that may bleed slightly
  2. loss of taste or an unpleasant taste in the mouth
  3. redness inside the mouth and throat
  4. cracks at the corners of the mouth
  5. a painful, burning sensation in the mouth
  6. Creamy white lesions on your tongue, inner cheeks, and sometimes on the roof of your mouth, gums and tonsils
  7. Slightly raised lesions with a cottage cheese-like appearance
  8. Slight bleeding if the lesions are rubbed or scraped
  9. A cottony feeling in your mouth
  10. difficulty swallowing

Causes

  1. HIV/AIDS.
  2. cancer
  3. Diabetes mellitus
  4. certain medications
  5. C. albicans fungus begins to grow out of control.

Risk Factors

  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Wearing dentures
  • have HIV, AIDS, diabetes, or anemia
  • Taking certain medications, such as antibiotics or oral or inhaled corticosteroids
  • Undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer
  • Having conditions that cause dry mouth
  • smoking

Diagnostic Tests

  • Throat culture.
  • Endoscopic exam.
  • examining the mouth
  • biopsy

Treatments

  • lozenges, tablets, or a liquid
  • antifungal medication
  • brushing your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the lesions
  • replacing your toothbrush every day until the infection goes away
  • not using mouthwashes or sprays
  • using a saltwater mixture to rinse your mouth
  • maintaining appropriate blood sugar levels if you have diabetes
  • eating unsweetened yogurt to help restore and maintain healthy levels of good bacteria

Medications

  • fluconazole
  • clotrimazole lozenge
  • amphotericin B
  • nystatin
  • itraconazole

Lifestyle Management

  • rinsing pacifiers, bottle nipples, and all pieces of a breast pump in a solution of half water and half vinegar and allowing the items to air dry
  • using nursing pads to prevent the fungus from spreading to clothes
  • Try warm saltwater rinses
  • Practice good oral hygiene
  • rinsing your mouth with water and spitting it out after using a corticosteroid inhaler, and using a spacer (a plastic cylinder that attaches to the inhaler) when you take your medicine
  • ensuring that any underlying condition you have, such as diabetes, is well controlled