- A personality disorder that’s characterized by extreme perfectionism
- The person is preoccupied with rules, orderliness and control
- Commonly mistaken for OCD, but the two are not the same
- Preoccupation with details, orderliness and rules
- Extreme perfectionism, resulting in dysfunction and distress
- Desire to be in control of people, tasks and situations
- Inability to delegate tasks
- Neglect of friends and enjoyable activities
- Inability to discard broken or worthless objects
- Rigid and stubborn
- Inflexible about morality, ethics or values
- Tight, miserly control over budgeting and spending money
- An overwhelming need to be punctual
- A rigid adherence to moral and ethical codes
- The exact cause is unknown
- Most likely caused by genetics
- Childhood experience could also be a cause
- Men are twice as likely as women to be diagnosed
- Family history of personality disorders or other mental illness
- Abusive, unstable or chaotic family life during childhood
- Being diagnosed with childhood conduct disorder
- Variations in brain chemistry and structure
- Physical exam
- Psychiatric evaluation
- Symptoms are compared to the diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5
- At least four symptoms should be present from the DSM-5 list
The DSM-5 list contains following symptoms for OCPD:
- Is preoccupied with details, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost.
- Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion.
- Is excessively devoted to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships.
- Is overconscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values.
- Is unable to discard worn-out or worthless objects even when they have no sentimental value.
- Is reluctant to delegate tasks or to work with others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of doing things.
- Adopts a miserly spending style toward both self and others.
- Shows rigidity and stubbornness.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Relaxation training
- Mood stabilizers
- Antipsychotic medications
- Anti-anxiety medications
- Be an active participant in your care
- Take your medications as directed
- Learn about your condition
- Get active
- Avoid drugs and alcohol
- Get routine medical care