NECK PAIN

Description

Neck pain or a stiff neck is a common problem and generally nothing to worry about.

Symptoms

  • Pain that’s often worsened by holding your head in one place
  • Muscle tightness and spasms
  • Decreased ability to move your head
  • Headache
  • fever
  • swollen glands
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • trouble swallowing or breathing
  • weakness
  • numbness
  • tingling
  • pain that radiates down your arms or legs
  • an inability to move your arms or hands
  • an inability to touch your chin to your chest
  • bladder or bowel dysfunction

Causes

  • Muscle strains.
  • Worn joints
  • Nerve compression
  • Injuries
  • Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, meningitis or cancer, can cause neck pain.
  • Whiplash
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Pinched nerves

Diagnostic Tests

  • Imaging tests
  • X-rays
  • MRI
  • CT scan
  • Other tests
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • Blood tests
  • lumbar puncture, or a spinal tap

Medications:

  • muscle relaxants for pain relief
  • tricyclic antidepressants

Treatment

  • Physical therapy
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).
  • Traction
  • Short-term immobilization
  • Surgical and other procedures:
  • Steroid injections
  • Surgery

Prevention

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers(ibuprofen) naproxen sodium
  • Alternate heat and cold.
  • Home exercises
  • good posture
  • Changing positions often
  • special neck pillow for sleeping