NEARSIGHTEDNESS

Description

Eye condition where nearer objects are clear and far away objects blurred,diabetes also may risk to myopia.

Symptoms

  1. sitting close to the TV
  2. regularly rubbing their eyes
  3. headache, tired eyes, squinting

Causes

  1. refractive error
  2. cornea that’s curved too steeply
  3. nearsighted eyeball is usually a little too long

Risk Factors

  • Visual stress 
  • an inherited condition
  • conditions, such as diabetes
  • reading
  • environmental condition

Diagnostic Tests

  • complete eye exam
  • measurements of the pressure inside your eyes
  • retinoscopy
  • visual activity tests

Treatments

  • corrective lenses
  • contact lenses
  • corneal refractive therapy
  • refractive surgery
  • Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK)
  • Laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK)
  • Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)

Lifestyle Management

  • Have your eyes checked
  • Wear sunglasses with ultraviolet (UV) radiation protection.
  • Prevent eye injuries
  • Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids
  • Use the right corrective lenses
  • avoid smoking