MESOTHELIOMA

Description

It is a type of cancer that occurs in the thin layer of tissue that covers the majority of your internal organs (mesothelium)

Symptoms

  • In Pleural mesothelioma :
  • Chest pain under the rib cage
  • Painful coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Unusual lumps of tissue under the skin on the chest
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • In Peritoneal mesothelioma :
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Lumps of tissue in the abdomen
  • Unexplained weight loss

Causes

Gene mutations

Inheritance

  • Environmental factors
  • Lifestyle changes

Risk Factors

  • Personal history of asbestos exposure
  • Living with someone who works with asbestos
  • Family history of mesothelioma

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • X-ray of chest
  • CT of abdomen or chest
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Biopsy :
  • Fine-needle aspiration
  • Thoracoscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Thoracotomy
  • Laparotomy

Treatment

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Breath training
  • Relaxation exercises
  • Directing a fan to your face may ease breathlessness

Lifestyle Management

  • Avoid exposure to Asbestos
  • Follow all safety precautions in the workplace ( wearing protective equipment )
  • Be safe around asbestos in your home
  • Learn enough about mesothelioma to plan ahead about health care
  • Surround yourself with a support network
  • Join support groups