• Inward curve of the lumbar spine just above the buttocks
  • It is termed as swayback
  • Affect your lower back and neck


  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Electric shock pains
  • Weak bladder control
  • Weakness
  • Difficulty maintaining muscle control
  • C-shape back when seen from a lateral aspect
  • Problems in moving in certain ways
  • Pain may radiate down the legs


  • Trauma to the lower back
  • Poor posture from sitting or lifting heavy things
  • Obesity, as excess weight
  • Kyphosis, or humpback
  • Discitis, or inflammation of the space between your vertebra
  • Osteoporosis, or loss of bone density
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Achondroplasia, a form of dwarfism
  • Tight lower back muscle
  • Excessive visceral fat

Risk Factors

  • Long hours desk job
  • Having wrong posture while sitting
  • Jobs that involve heavy lifting
  • Overall weak bone structure
  • Being obese or overweight
  • People who are not active physically

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical Examination
  • Symptom based
  • X-rays of the spine


  • Medication, to reduce pain and swelling
  • Daily physical therapy, to strengthen muscles and range of motion
  • Weight loss, to help posture
  • Braces, in children and teens
  • Surgery, in severe cases with neurological concerns
  • Nutritional supplements such as vitamin D


  • Maintain good posture and spine health
  • Exercises for prevention:
  • Shoulder shrugs
  • Neck side tilts
  • Yoga poses, like Cat and Bridge pose
  • Leg raises
  • Pelvic tilt on a stability ball

Lifestyle Management

  • Maintain a steady posture
  • If job requires standing a lot, take sitting breaks
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat foods with good nutritional value