LEWY BODY DEMENTIA

Description

It is the second most common type of progressive dementia

Symptoms

  • Visual hallucinations
  • Movement disorders
  • Poor regulation of body functions
  • Cognitive problems
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Fluctuating attention
  • Depression
  • Apathy

Causes

  • Abnormal buildup of proteins
  • Plaques
  • Tangles

Risk Factors

  • Being older than 60
  • Being male
  • Having a family member with Lewy body dementia or Parkinson’s disease

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Neurological examination
  • Assessment of mental abilities
  • MRI of brain
  • CT scan
  • PET

Treatment

  • Cholinesterase inhibitor :
  • Rivastigmine (Exelon)
  • Parkinson’s disease medicine : carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet)
  • Therapies include :
  • Tolerating the behavior
  • Modifying the environment
  • Offering soothing responses
  • Creating daily routines and keeping tasks simple
  • Music therapy
  • Pet therapy
  • Aromatherapy
  • Massage therapy

Lifestyle Management

  • Speak clearly and simply
  • Encourage exercise
  • Provide mind stimulation
  • Establish a nighttime ritual
  • Limit caffeine during the day
  • Avoid daytime napping to prevent restless nights
  • Offer support by listening,being positive
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Learn as much as possible about the disease
  • Join a support group