LEAD POISONING

Description

It occurs when lead builds up in the body, often over a period of months or years

Symptoms

  • Developmental delay
  • Learning difficulties
  • Irritability
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Sluggishness and fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Hearing loss
  • High blood pressure
  • Joint pains
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Memory loss

Causes

  • Lead
  • Water pipes and imported canned goods
  • Sources of lead exposure:
  • Soil
  • Water pipes and imported canned goods
  • Household dust
  • Pottery
  • Toys
  • Traditional cosmetics

Risk Factors

  • Age (young or older adults)
  • Living in an older home
  • Certain hobbies (Making stained glass , Refinishing old furniture)
  • Country of origin (Developing countries)

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood lead test
  • X-rays
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Treatment

  • Locate and remove source of lead
  • Avoid exposure to lead
  • Chelation therapy
  • EDTA therapy

Prevention

  • Wash hands and toys
  • Clean dusty surfaces
  • Run cold water
  • Prevent children from playing on soil
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Use lead-free paint in your home
  • Avoid areas where lead-based paint may have been used
  • Test your water for lead