FIBROIDS

Disease

FIBROIDS

Description

  • Fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus
  • 70 to 80 percent of women experience fibroids by the age of 50

Types

  • Intramural fibroids
  • Subserosal fibroids
  • Pedunculated fibroids
  • Sub mucosal fibroids

Symptoms

  • Heavy menstruation
  • Menstrual periods lasting more than a week
  • Pelvic pressure or pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation
  • Backache or leg pains

Cause

  • Genetic changes
  • Hormones
  • Growth factors
  • Pregnancy

Risk factors

  • Heredity
  • Race
  • Birth control pills
  • Obesity
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Alcohol consumption

Diagnostic Tests

  • Abdominal ultrasound scan
  • Transvaginal ultrasound scan
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Hysterosonography
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Biopsy

Treatment

  • Medications:
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists
  • Lupron
  • Synarel
  • Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Tranexamic acid
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • progestins
  • Invasive procedure
  • Uterine artery embolization
  • Myolysis
  • Laparoscopic myomectomy
  • Hysteroscopic myomectomy
  • Endometrial ablation