FEBRILE SEIZURE

Disease

FEBRILE SEIZURES

Description

  • It is a convulsion in a child triggered by fever
  • It occurs between the age group of six months and three years

Types

  • Simple febrile seizures
  • Complex febrile seizures

Symptoms

  • High body temperature -100.4 F (38.0 C)
  • Lose consciousness
  • Stiffness or contraction of muscles
  • Seizure lasts longer than five minute
  • Dehydration
  • Breathing problem

Cause

  • Genetic mutations
  • Viral infection such as flu and chicken pox
  • Tonsillitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • Pulmonary infections
  • Vaccinations

Diagnostic Tests

Simple febrile seizures:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Spinal tap (lumbar puncture)

Complex febrile seizures:

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)

Treatment

  • Do not hold down the child to stop the seizure movements
  • Do not leave the child alone
  • Lay the child on the ground in a safe area
  • Slide a blanket under the child if the floor is hard
  • Move the child only if they are in a dangerous location
  • Loosen tight clothing, especially around the neck