Inflammation of the sinuses, airspaces within the bones of the face


  • Pain between the eyes
  • Tenderness when touching the bridge of your nose
  • Swelling around the areas of eyes
  • Facial swelling
  • Runny nose lasting longer than 10 days
  • Thick nasal secretions
  • Post-nasal drip, which is mucus that moves down the back of your throat
  • Sinus headaches
  • Sore throat
  • Bad breath
  • Cough
  • Decreased sense of smell and taste
  • General fatigue or malaise
  • Fever
  • Headaches in the temple area or surrounding the eye
  • Pain in the lower forehead
  • Stuffy nose
  • Post nasal discharge (postnasal drip)


  • An upper respiratory infection
  • Common cold
  • Allergies
  • Chronic bacterial infection
  • Allergens (environmental pollutants)
  • Foreign bodies
  • Fungal infections
  • Nasal Polyps
  • Trauma
  • Tumors

Risk Factors

  • Common disease worldwide
  • More common in places with high levels of atmospheric pollution
  • Damp temperate climates
  • Places with higher concentrations of pollens-higher prevalence

Diagnostic Tests

  • Diagnosis- based on symptoms
  • Examination of nasal passages
  • Imaging tests to check for sinusitis
  • X-rays
  • CT scan
  • Endoscopy
  • Sinus Trans illumination


  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Herbal treatments
  • Steroid nasal sprays, such as fluticasone (Flonase)
  • Acupuncture
  • Contrast hydrotherapy
  • Direct inhalation of essential oils
  • Medications
  • Amoxicillin
  • Cephalosporin
  • Decongestants
  • Acetaminophen and ibuprofen
  • Aspirin
  • Amoxicillin, azithromycin (Zithromax), or erythromycin

Lifestyle Management

  • Nasal irrigation
  • Staying hydrated
  • Inhaling steam to cleanse the nasal passages
  • Using a humidifier, especially in dry environments
  • Using saline drops to keep nasal passages moist
  • Sleeping with head elevated
  • Avoiding exposure to cigarette smoke
  • Identifying and treating allergies
  • Avoiding blowing nose too often
  • Blowing nose gently when necessary
  • Avoiding antihistamines, unless directed by doctor
  • Avoiding the overuse of decongestants
  • Avoiding deep dives in swimming pools