EPSTEIN- BARR VIRUS

Description

It is a common human virus that causes infectious mononucleosis

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Inflamed throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Swollen liver
  • Rash

Causes

  • Sharing drinking glasses
  • Infected person’s toothbrush
  • Eating utensils
  • Touching anything that has been near the mouth of infected person

Risk Factors

  • Age between 10 and 35

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood Tests

Treatment

  • Drink fluids to stay hydrated
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Take medications for pain and fever( acetaminophen or ibuprofen)
  • Gargle with warm salt water for sore throat
  • Avoid sports
  • Heavy lifting
  • Vigorous activities

Lifestyle Management

  • Stay away from anyone who has mono
  • Don’t share items:
  • Glasses
  • Toothbrushes
  • Silverware
  • Avoid kissing