CONGENITAL ADRENAL SYNDROME

Disease

CONGENITAL ADRENAL SYNDROME

Description

  • It is a group of hereditary disorders that affect the adrenal glands

Types

  • Classical CAH
  • Non classical CAH
  • Rare forms of CAH

Symptoms

  • Lack of menstruation
  • increased facial hair growth
  • deep voice
  • infertility
  • low bone density
  • severe acne
  • obesity
  • elevated cholesterol

Cause

  • hyperaldosteronism
  • Addison’s disease
  • Paraganglioma
  • Pituitary tumor
  • cushing syndrome

Diagnostic Tests

  • ACTH stimulation test
  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Amniocentesis
  • Chorionic villus sampling

Treatment

  • replacement hormone medication
  • hydrocortisone
  • dexamethasone
  • feminizing genitoplasty