BINGE-EATING SYNDROME

Description

Binge-eating disorder is a serious eating disorder in which you frequently consume unusually large amounts of food and feel unable to stop eating

Symptoms

  • Eating large amounts of food even when you’re not hungry
  • Eating quickly
  • Feeling ill after eating
  • Eating alone
  • Feelings of depression and loss of control
  • Embarrassment at eating around others
  • Frequent dieting without long-term weight loss

Causes

  • Depression
  • Extreme dieting
  • Psychological issues
  • Genetic
  • Biological factors

Risk Factors

  • Sex: female gender
  • Age: ranges from late teens to early 20s
  • Family history of eating disorders
  • History of depression, substance abuse, or impulsive behavior
  • History of frequent and extreme dieting

Diagnostic Tests

  • Psychological evaluation
  • A physical exam
  • Blood and urine tests
  • A sleep disorder center consultation
  • Criteria that must meet to be diagnosed with binge eating disorder include:
  • Recurrent episodes of binge eating
  • Concern about binge eating
  • Bingeing at least twice per week over six months
  • Bingeing is not associated with purging
  • At least three of the following factors:
  • Eating rapidly
  • Eating until uncomfortable
  • Eating large amounts despite lack of hunger
  • Eating alone
  • Feeling guilty after eating

Treatment

  • Behavioral weight-loss programs
  • Psychotherapy:
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Interpersonal psychotherapy
  • Dialectical behavior therapy
  • Medications:
  • Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse)
  • The anticonvulsant topiramate (Topamax)
  • Antidepressants

Lifestyle Management

  • Eat breakfast
  • Stick to your treatment
  • Avoid dieting, unless it’s supervised
  • Arrange your environment
  • Get the right nutrients
  • Stay connected
  • Get active