ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA(AML)

Description

cancer of the blood and bone marrow

also known as acute myeloid leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia and acute nonlymphocytic leukemia

 

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Bone pain
  • Lethargy and fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pale skin
  • Frequent infections
  • Easy bruising
  • Unusual bleeding, such as frequent nosebleeds and bleeding from the gums
  • pale skin
  • unexplained weight loss
  • excessive sweat

 

Causes

  • DNA mutation in the stem cells in your bone marrow
  • Radiation,
  • certain chemicals and some chemotherapy drugs

 

Risk factors

  • Radiation,
  • certain chemicals and some chemotherapy drugs
  • smoking
  • genetic disorders
  • blood disorders

 

Diagnostic Tests

  • Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)
  • blood test
  • bone marrow test
  • scans

 

Treatments

  • Remission induction therapy
  • Consolidation therapy, which is also known as post-remission therapy
  • chemo therapy
  • stem cell transplant

 

Medication

  • Arsenic trioxide (Trisenox)
  • all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)