RUBELLA

Description

It is a viral infection that causes a red rash on the body

Symptoms

  • Red rash that begins on the face and then spreads to the rest of the body
  • Mild fever
  • Swollen and tender lymph nodes
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Inflamed or red eyes
  • Earache
  • Stiff neck
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness

Causes

  • Rubella virus:
  • Spread through close contact
  • Through air
  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Inhaling the droplets of infected person
  • Touching the contaminated object

Risk Factors

  • Infants
  • Young toddlers

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood test
  • Saliva test

Treatment

  • For fever and pain relief( paracetamol or ibuprofen)
  • Liquid infant paracetamol for young children
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Applying a cold compressor to reduce fever
  • Steam inhalation

Prevention

  • Getting immunised with measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine
  • Avoid school or work for 4 days to reduce the risk of spreading
  • Take bed rest
  • Stay hydrated by taking plenty of fluids