VAGINITIS

Description

Vaginitis describes a number of conditions that can cause infection or inflammation of your vagina
common types of vaginitis are:
Bacterial vaginosis, which results from overgrowth of one of several organisms normally present in your vagina
Yeast infections, which are usually caused by a naturally occurring fungus called Candida albicans
Trichomoniasis, which is caused by a parasite and is commonly transmitted by sexual intercourse
Vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis), which results from reduced estrogen levels after menopause

Symptoms

  1. Change in color, odor or amount of discharge from your vagina
  2. Vaginal itching or irritation
  3. Pain during intercourse
  4. Painful urination
  5. Light vaginal bleeding or spotting
  6. Bacterial vaginosis. You may develop a grayish-white, foul-smelling discharge. The odor, often described as fish-like, may be more obvious after sexual intercourse.
  7. Yeast infection. The main symptom is itching, but you may have a white, thick discharge that resembles cottage cheese.
  8. Trichomoniasis. An infection called trichomoniasis can cause a greenish yellow, sometimes frothy discharge.

Causes

  1. Bacterial vaginosis
  2. yeast infection
  3. Trichomoniasis
  4. Noninfectious vaginitis
  5. Vaginal atrophy
  6. Irritants
  7. chlamydia
  8. genital herpes

Risk factors

  • Hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy, birth control pills or menopause
  • Sexual activity
  • Having a sexually transmitted infection
  • Medications, such as antibiotics and steroids
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Use of hygiene products such as bubble bath, vaginal spray or vaginal deodorant
  • Douching
  • Wearing damp or tight-fitting clothing
  • Using an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control

Diagnostic Tests

  • health history
  • pelvic exam

Treatments

  • hormone replacement therapy
  • antifungal cream or suppository,
  • Estrogen — in the form of vaginal creams, tablets or rings

Medication

  • metronidazole tablets (Flagyl)
  • metronidazole gel (MetroGel)
  • clindamycin cream (Cleocin)
  • miconazole (Monistat), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
  • tioconazole (Vagistat)
  • fluconazole (Diflucan)
  • tinidazole (Tindamax)

Lifestyle Management

  • Apply a cold compress
  • keeping your genital area clean and dry
  • avoiding douching (spraying water inside your vagina)
  • not using feminine hygiene products
  • using pads rather than tampons if you have an infection