OVARIAN CANCER

Description

Ovarian cancer occurs when a tumor forms in the ovary’s cells.

  1. Stromal tumors form in hormone-producing cells in your ovaries
  2. Germ cell tumors form in ovarian cells

Symptoms

  1. Abdominal bloating or swelling
  2. Quickly feeling full when eating
  3. Weight loss
  4. Discomfort in the pelvis area
  5. Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  6. A frequent need to urinate
  7. difficulty eating
  8. persistent pelvic and abdominal pain

Causes

  1. Genetic mutations
  2. family history
  3. ovulation & fertility
  4. Endometriosis

Risk Factors

  • a family history of ovarian cancer
  • genetic mutations of genes associated with ovarian cancer, such as BRCA1 or BRCA2
  • a personal history of breast, uterine, or colon cancer
  • obesity
  • the use certain fertility drugs or hormone therapies
  • no history of pregnancy
  • endometriosis
  • Estrogen hormone replacement therapy
  • Smoking.
  • Use of an intrauterine device.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome.

Diagnostic Tests

  • X ray
  • CT,MRI scans
  • laproscopy
  • grading
  • transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS)
  • blood test to measure cancer antigen 125 (CA-125)

Treatments

  • chemotherapy
  • surgery
  • radiation
  • targeted therapy
  • hormone therapy

Medications

  • bevacizumab (Avastin)
  • olaparib (Lynparza)

Lifestyle Management

  • Find someone to talk with
  • Set reasonable goals
  • Take time out for yourself.