NON-HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA

Description

Cancer that originates in your lymphatic system a network of vessels and glands spread throughout your body.

Symptoms

  1. Painless, swollen lymph nodes in your neck, armpits or groin.
  2. Abdominal pain or swelling
  3. Chest pain, coughing or trouble breathing
  4. Fatigue
  5. Fever
  6. Night sweats
  7. Weight loss
  8. excessive bleeding

Causes

  1. when the body makes too many abnormal lymphocytes
  2. spreading of abnormal lymphocytes in bone marrow,spleen, skin, liver,lungs
  3. it may develop in other organs in some cases
  4. mainly in B cells and T cells

Risk Factors

  • older age, since most people are aged 60 or older when diagnosed
  • the use of immunosuppressant drugs
  • an infection, particularly with HIV, Epstein-Barr virus, or Helicobacter pylori
  • exposure to certain chemicals, such as weed and insect killers

Diagnostic Tests

  • X-rays
  • CT scans
  • MRIs
  • PET scans
  • Blood and urine tests
  • biopsy of lymph node tissue , bone marros

Types

  • diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • follicular lymphoma
  • extranodal marginal zone B-cell (MALT)
  • mantle cell lymphoma
  • Burkitt lymphoma
  • mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma
  • nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma
  • small lymphocytic lymphoma
  • lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
  • peripheral T-cell lymphoma
  • skin (cutaneous) lymphomas
  • anaplastic large-cell lymphoma
  • lymphoblastic lymphoma

Treatments

  • chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • monoclonal antibody therapy
  • stroid medication
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Medications that enhance your immune system’s ability to fight cancer.

Medications

  • rituximab (Rituxan)
  • radioimmunotherapy drug — ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin)
  • X-rays, to kill cancerous cells and shrink tumors

Lifestyle Management

  • avoiding known risk factors such as obesity and HIV.
  • repeat scan to see how well the treatment has worked.
  • Learn enough about lymphoma to make decisions about your care.
  • Keep friends and family close