• Cancer originates in the kidney
  • Cells begin to grow and multiply uncontrollably
  • Does not typically cause symptoms in early stages


  • Persistent back pain, especially just below the ribs
  • Blood in the urine
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Lump in the abdomen
  • Night sweats
  • Flank pain
  • Recurring fevers
  • Weight loss
  • Constipation
  • Pale skin
  • An intolerance to cold
  • Vision problems
  • Excessive hair growth in women
  • High fever of 100.4F and above


  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Family history
  • Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
  • Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome

Risk Factors

  • Being an older age
  • Being male
  • Being a long-term smoker
  • Having hypertension
  • Having long-term dialysis due to renal failure
  • Being obese
  • Having a horseshoe kidney, a type of congenital defect
  • Having polycystic kidney disease
  • Being exposed to toxins in the workplace
  • Hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma

Diagnostic Tests

  • Complete Blood Count
  • Blood Chemistry Tests
  • Ultrasound of the abdomen and kidneys
  • Renal Angiography
  • Intravenous Pyelogram
  • CT Scan of the abdomen
  • MRI Scan
  • Cystoscopy
  • TNM System is used to stage kidney cancer


  • Removing the affected kidney (nephrectomy)
  • Removing the tumor from the kidney (nephron-sparing surgery)
  • Freezing cancer cells (cryoablation)
  • Heating cancer cells (radiofrequency ablation)
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted drugs
  • Radiation therapy


  • Axitinib (Inlyta)
  • Bevacizumab (Avastin)
  • Pazopanib (Votrient)
  • Sorafenib (Nexavar)
  • Sunitinib (Sutent)
  • Temsirolimus
  • Everolimus


  • Stop smoking
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Protect yourself from chemical toxins at work
  • Keep blood pressure under control

Lifestyle Management

  • Learn enough about kidney cancer to make good treatment decisions
  • Gather a support system
  • Join a group of people dealing with same situation
  • Have a positive outlook
  • Do not let it disturb the aims and goals that are already set
  • Do not get distracted by it
  • Keep in constant touch with the specialist
  • Try to lead a normal life as much as possible