KAPOSI’S SARCOMA

Disease

KAPOSI’S SYNDROME

Description

  • Kaposi’s sarcoma is a rare type of cancer caused by a virus. It can affect the skin and internal organs

Types

  • Classic Kaposi sarcoma
  • African Kaposi sarcoma
  • Immunosuppressive therapy–related Kaposi sarcoma
  • Epidemic Kaposi sarcoma
  • Non epidemic Kaposi sarcoma

Symptoms

  • Lymphoedema
  • Breathelessness
  • Coughing up blood
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhoea

Risk factors

  • Ethnicity
  • Gender
  • Human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8)
  • Immune deficiency
  • Sexual activity

Diagnostic Tests

  • physical examination
  • Chest X-rays

Biopsy:

  • Excisional biopsy
  • Incisional biopsy
  • Core biopsy
  • Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Endoscopy
  • Blood test
  • CT scan
  • PET scan
  • CD34 lymphocyte count

Treatment

  • Cryotherapy
  • Electrodesiccation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biologic therapy
  • combined antiretroviral therapy (cART)
  • Electrodessication and curettage

Lifestyle management

  • Regular exercises
  • Nutritious diet