HERPES

Disease

HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS

Description

  • Herpes simplex virus is an infection which cause oral and genital herpes

Types

  • Herpes simplex virus 1- oral herpes
  • Herpes simplex virus 2-Genital herpes

Symptoms

Oral herpes:

  • Fever blisters
  • Nausea
  • Dehydration
  • Cold sores

Genital herpes:

  • Small red bumps
  • Ulcers
  • Scabs
  • Itching

Cause

Oral herpes:

  • Respiratory tract infection
  • High temperature
  • Stress
  • Menstruation

Genital herpes:

  • Oral sex
  • Sexual contact
  • Skin-to-skin contact

Risk factors

  • Multiple sex partners
  • Being female
  • Sexually transmitted infection (STI)
  • Weak immune system

Diagnostic Tests

  • Viral culture
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  • Blood test

Treatment

  • Antiviral creams
  • Penciclovir
  • Acyclovir (Zovirax)
  • Famciclovir (Famvir)
  • Valacyclovir (Valtrex)